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Old 30-04-2009, 03:34 PM
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Default Bearded Dragon - Impaction!

This is a copy of a Guide written by Denise Bushnell, Cheri Smith and Alex Sneeis to show you what impaction is, how it can occur and what to do to cure mild to moderate impactions.




In this guide i will be showing you afew key points such as;
  • What causes Impaction
  • How to Avoid Impaction
  • How to detect impacion at an early stage
  • How to cure mild - moderate impactions
Food
Food can be a good cause of impaction people tend to feed bearded dragons without thinking and end up feeding them too large food to properly move through their digestive tract. The best prevention for this is to remember that any item fed should be smaller in size than the space between bearded dragon's eyes.
Although i have said this large cricks, mealworms and superworms all contribute to impaction this is because the skin or (outer casing) of the insects is too hard to digest.

Incorrect Temperatures
Bearded dragons need appropriate temperatures so that the food will be digested peoperly. Keep in mind that the surface on which a bearded dragon basks, (after eating), should be maintained at a temperature between 100 to 115 degrees, in order for them to digest their food properly. If a bearded dragon is fed a food item difficult to digest, and is not provided with the proper temperatures in order for him to digest that food, this can also create impaction.

Dangerous Substrates for Bearded Dragons
Bearde Dragons like to eat anything they find in the cage. Many substrates can pose a risk. Some materials have been reported to have caused impaction. Some of them are Calci-Sand , any type of pellets, several dried plant-based substrates are also known to present a high risk. Many substrates producesrs claim theire products are completely digestible. However, before trusting a substrate, do some research to discover what those with lots of personal experience think about it.

Personally i think tiles or vinyl tiles are the best because there easy to clean and they can't get a chunk in there mouth :P. but kichen paper towels can also be used.

There are different types of impaction and here is afew signs of what to look out for to see if you can detect what sort of impaction your bearded dragon has.

Mild Impactions
One symptoms of a mild impaction is the inability to excrete regularly or straining when they do(go to the toilet), if an animal is passing some feces and urates, you can increase fluids with a dropper or soaks in a warm bath to help them pass it. If that does not help the situation, seek veterinary care and also have a fecal to rule out parasites or gram negative bacteria being the cause. Left untreated that can create a prolapse which requires immediate medical attention.

Moderate Impactions
You will see other symptoms before you realize they are not defecating. Some are slight leg trembles, regurgitation, dragging one of both the back legs, not walking properly and you may also see a slight bump along the spinal area.
The paralysis you are seeing is because the stomach empties out into the intestines laying right along the mid/upper spine. It puts pressure on the spine, they do not have disc between the vertebras that protect the spine like other animals. Lower impactions will usually display a slight raised area along the mid to lower back or you can feel it in the abdomen area.

Major Impaction
The animal will not be very mobile, one or both back legs may appear paralyzed. If the impaction is higher in the digestive track, the front legs may also be paralyzed. A lower impaction that is only affecting the back legs can continue to grow until the front legs are also affected.

Do not push along the spine right now or force them move their legs, let them do it in their own time, forcing them can cause permanent damage.

This next set of stages is a way you can try and cure the impaction yourself at an early stage.

-----------IF THE IMPACTION GOES ON FOR MORE THAN EIGHT DAYS GO TO A VET!!!----------
  1. Setup a hospital tank with under-tank heat. This is one of the few times that a bearded dragon will need heat directly on the tummy area. Make sure it does not go over about 95F for a bearded dragon.
  2. You can give the animal a few drops of mineral oil, olive oil or vegetable oil (depending on his size) daily. For a young dragon under 4 months and up to 60 grams use 3 drops. For a larger animal we increase the drops, one drop for each 20 grams.
  3. Then warm soaks, do not force him/her to move any of his legs, let him do it on his own. Do the warm soaks several times a day. Make sure the water is luke warm.
  4. Try to get as much fluids in him as possible, juice for babys from any supermarket is good mostly use things with strawberry or apple in because they tend to go for this more they will usually drink good from a dropper. The fluids and soaks help relax then move the impaction along the digestive system
  5. NO crickets, worms or any solids right now, get some strained baby food like chicken, squash, sweet potatoes (just veggies for vegetable eating reptiles, like iguanas) and make it runny with water or pedialyte (also warm, not hot), feed that with a dropper. You can also add calcium and vitamins to this mix. Depending on his age. Older reptiles you can give more if he/she will eat it. What you need to do is support his strength while the impaction moves through him and not contribute to it.
This routine must be perfomed daily.

Don't worry if after afew days the impaction hasn't passed it can take up to around 5 - 7 days after 8 days has passed and the impaction has not passed make sure you take him/her to a vet ASAP (as soon as possible).

Also don't worry if they don't move there back legs for a few weeks it can take anything up to two months before they start using there legs again. this is because this allows the inflammation around the spinal cord to go down and they will usually regain the use slowly.

PERMISSON MUST BE ASKED FROM THE ORIGINAL AUTHORS (DENISE BUSHNELL, CHERI SMITH AND ALEX SNEEIS) TO USE HIS INFO ANYWHERE ELSE
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Last edited by HadesDragons; 01-05-2009 at 10:18 AM.. Reason: added in original authors ;)
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Old 30-04-2009, 03:50 PM
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permission to use this info...please.
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Old 30-04-2009, 03:51 PM
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use it for what? :P
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Old 30-04-2009, 04:22 PM
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my site, i think it would be a good bit of infomation..
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Old 30-04-2009, 04:30 PM
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sticky?
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Old 30-04-2009, 04:35 PM
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maybe..
its good info, alot of people either know, or dont know what, or how impaction occours (sp?)..

but this will, and should help people out with it..
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Old 30-04-2009, 05:57 PM
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I agree, it is a good sticky topic....but the original writer should be asked first, unless you are Denise Bushnell or Alex Sneeis, JotnJosie? If you are not, then you need to ask their permission to use this article, and also make known the authors as i believe this is an infringement of copywrite....
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Originally Posted by sparkle View Post
i luffs u....and YA lizardss.. its legs hanging off really?? aww dont worry have a cuddle..its pooing bloood AWWWW dont worry here have a BIG HUG and aww its SO CUTE
ya liazardsss eye fell out??? awwww naww stick it in wiv da supahglue.. and have a HUGE SNOG...
no take it to da vet.. vets are da nasty people who will bleed u dry of da monies and no be nice to ya lizarrrd.. it dont need no vet ..
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Old 30-04-2009, 05:59 PM
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this is a rewrite of it and credit it given to them lol

EDIT! just noticed i forgot to add it in, could a mod add it in for me cos i can't edit anymore

Credit goes to Denise Bushnell and Alex Sneeis for providing information
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Old 30-04-2009, 06:08 PM
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Plus this part:

Don't worry if after afew days the impaction hasn't passed it can take up to around 5 - 7 days after 8 days has passed and the impaction has not passed make sure you take him/her to a vet ASAP (as soon as possible).

is wrong..... if you do not know the extent of the impaction or what has caused the impaction, or if showing signs of paralysis or seizures, then vet advice should be sought ASAP.
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Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity - Dr Martin Luther King

Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I'm not sure about the universe - Albert Einstein

Quote:
Originally Posted by sparkle View Post
i luffs u....and YA lizardss.. its legs hanging off really?? aww dont worry have a cuddle..its pooing bloood AWWWW dont worry here have a BIG HUG and aww its SO CUTE
ya liazardsss eye fell out??? awwww naww stick it in wiv da supahglue.. and have a HUGE SNOG...
no take it to da vet.. vets are da nasty people who will bleed u dry of da monies and no be nice to ya lizarrrd.. it dont need no vet ..
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Old 30-04-2009, 06:44 PM
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has anyone got the authors contact details so i can get in touch with them to ask for permission please.
thanks.
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